Future housing may be destined for out of town sites
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Most of East Devon’s future housing growth will have to be built on sites outside of existing town centres, councillors have been told.
With the council currently producing a new local plan, an urban capacity study was commissioned to assess the potential for development within existing town centres.
East Devon District Council’s strategic planning committee heard last month that in the eight main towns in the district, a maximum of 766 homes could theoretically be built, less than the 928 currently required by government to be built each year.
The meeting was told that most of the housing would therefore have to come from sites outside of town centres, although increases in home working and the repurposing of office space for residential use was something that may come forward further down the line.
And the committee said that in future, developments will probably have to be of a higher density than they currently are, and with the solution in some cases to build up rather than out, and that further work needed to be explored as to how redevelopment of some town centres areas could be achieved.
Under the Welcome Back Fund, which aims to prepare towns for the safe return of shoppers and tourists, East Devon District Council will also receive £230,992 from the government.
Ed Freeman, service lead for planning strategy and development management, said that the aim of the urban capacity study was to get an understanding of how many possible housing sites with a capacity of five homes or greater may be located within already urban areas.
He said: “It would be ideal to meet the needs from brownfield sites but sadly it is not going to be anywhere near possible based on our assessment. We have looked at what is physically and practically possible but not the willingness of landowners and details of layout of sites
“There is a potential supply of 766 homes and that is a maximum as some may never come forward as there may not be a willing landowner or more specific constraints than the high level assessment suggests. It can form a component of housing supply going forward, won’t be a significant element.”
Cllr Olly Davey said that it was a salutary reminder that the planners could not rely on going inside the built-up boundary to meet the housing needs, adding: “This is 766 in total, not per year, as if it was, we wouldn’t have a problem. People want to see towns developed before open countryside is, but we have to recognise that may not satisfy all our future housing needs.”
Cllr Eleanor Rylance said that there was going to need to be higher density living in urban areas in the future.
She said: “If we don’t have the land, then the only solution is to go up, and Britain has to get used to living in flats. Crucially, it stops town centres from dying out as there are people around to use the businesses, as without it, a lot of the shops won’t recover.”
Cllr Paul Arnott, leader of the council, said that there was a meeting between senior members and MPs on April 14 to talk about how to work together with the Levelling Up fund.
Cllr Kevin Blakey put forward a recommendation that that members note the limited capacity available within the existing built-up area boundaries of the main towns and the potential need to find land outside of these areas to meet the future development needs of the district when other opportunities are exhausted, which was unanimously accepted by the committee.
The urban capacity study identified all undeveloped land within the study area, although the vast majority of the sites, such as playing fields, leisure facilities, and green spaces were discounted due to their recreational importance, and were only included for completeness rather than any indication they were being considered.
Mr Freeman told the meeting that inclusion within this final list of sites should not be considered a substitute for planning permission and the study makes no judgement on whether permission would be granted, adding that it was likely that some sites included will not be appropriate for development as a result of detailed factors not assessed though the remit of the study.
A total of 60 sites in the eight main towns were identified through the study, with a capacity for 766 homes to be built on them, but Mr Freeman added: “Even in the unlikely event that all of these sites were brought forward, the potential supply of 766 homes represents significantly less than one years housing supply coming from land within the existing built up area boundaries of the towns.
“A proactive approach to their delivery is likely to be highly resource intensive and is potentially fraught with difficulties in terms of tracking down and approaching owners to discuss these sites without being seen to be encouraging an application that may ultimately not be accepted.
“The work is however useful evidence to inform plan production and also any estimate of the likely numbers of windfall sites that may come forward in the future.”
The meeting also agreed to the provisional timetable to produce a new draft local plan, with the aim to be for committee consideration in December 2021.
THE LIST OF POTENTIAL SITES THAT COULD IN THEORY BE DEVELOPED FOR HOUSING WITHIN EXISTING TOWN CENTRES
AXMINSTER (140 homes)
Land At Millbrook Valley, Stoney Lane, Axminster – south of Hallets Way – 10 homes
Axe Vale Social Club, Chard Street, Axminster, EX13 5EB – 5 homes
Land off and north of St Andrews Drive – 10 homes
Land off St David’s Close/St David’s Drive – 5 homes
Former football pitch site at Millwey – 30 homes
Millwey Community Gardens and Community Centre – 15 homes
Land south of monkstone and west of St Mary’s church – 10 homes
Land to the east of Lyme Close – 5 homes
Parking courtyard and garages at Ridgway Court – 5 homes
Axminster Community Hospital site – 10 homes
Land north of cemetery at Millwey – 10 homes
Websters Garage site and adjoining land and buildings – 25 homes
BUDLEIGH SALTERTON (10 homes)
Land forming part of former railway line, Knowle, Budleigh Salterton – 10 homes
CRANBROOK (0 homes)
No sites considered suitable
EXMOUTH (427 homes)
Car park at Margret St/north of Lower Fore Street – 20 homes
Vacant/underused land north of Fore Street – 20 homes
Open space south of Kay Close – 6 homes
Green Close northern triangle area – 5 homes
Green Close southern triangle area – 5 homes
Open land west of Bradham Lane – 6 homes
Open land alongside Moorfield Road – 5 homes
Land at Burnside – 5 homes
Open land north of Jubilee Drive – 20 homes
Open space at junction of Bradham Lane and Salterton Road – 10 homes
Open space west of The Green/at Lestock Close – 6 homes
Open space area east of The Green /south of Village Close – 5 homes
Former waste tip site west of Dinan Way – 110 homes
Withycombe Health Centre – 5 homes
Vacant/underused industrial premises western side of Pankhurst Close – 42 homes
Green space north west of the end of Liverton Close – 5 homes
Open space north of St John’s Road – 7 homes
Open space area west of Fraser Road – 9 homes
Open space area south of Fraser Road – 5 homes
Open space area at Cedar Close – 5 homes
Open space area east of Jubilee Drive – 5 homes
Play area at the end of Betjeman Drive – 5 homes
Open space area at Jubilee Close – 5 homes
Former industrial site on Albion Hill – 12 homes
British Red Cross Hall South Street Exmouth EX8 2SA – 5 homes
28 Cranford Avenue Exmouth EX8 2PZ – 20 homes
22 And 24 Albion Hill Exmouth EX8 1JS – 14 homes
Land at Withycombe Brook, Exmouth – 50 homes
Buildings at the Deaf Academy – 30 homes
HONITON (74 homes)
Land west of Lee Close development and south of A30 – 5 homes
Garages south of Pale Gate, Honiton – 5 homes
Former Millwater School, Honiton Bottom Road – 23 homes
Garage block at northern end of Marker Way – 5 homes
Land adjoining and north of beggars Lane – 13 homes
Triangular grass area south of Monkton Road adjacent to Harts garage – 5 homes
Land north of Chapel Street – 18 homes
OTTERY ST MARY (20 homes)
Car Park and land off Brook Street, EX11 1EZ – 5 homes
Field adjacent to Cadhay Lane, EX11 1QZ – 5 homes
Field adjacent to Longdogs Close, EX11 1JN – 5 homes
Old Fire Station, Batts Lane, EX11 1EY – 5 homes
SEATON (55 homes)
Former St Johns Ambulance Depot – 8 homes
Seaton Town FC Football Ground – 28 homes
Grass triangular area beyond the eastern end of Summersby Close. – 5 homes
Seaton Community Hospital – 14 homes
SIDMOUTH (40 homes)
Grass area west of Fairmead road – 5 homes
Land at Alexandria Trading Estate – 10 homes
Land north of Peasland road – 15 homes
Sidmouth Health Centre – 10 homes
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